Một số dạng đặc biệt của câu bị động – Các trường hợp đặc biệt của câu bị động

Câu bị động là một dạng bài tập trọng tâm trong các bài kiểm tra cũng như các kì thi của học sinh trong môn tiếng Anh. Hiểu rõ được điều đó, sau đây Download.com.vn xin giới thiệu đến các bạn tài liệu Một số dạng đặc biệt của câu bị động để các bạn cùng tham khảo.

Tài liệu bao gồm lý thuyết kèm bài tập thực hành sẽ là nguồn tài liệu hữu ích giúp các bạn hiểu sâu hơn về những trường hợp đặc biệt của dạng bài tập bị động, giúp người học tiếng Anh phân biệt và sử dụng thành thạo hơn mảng ngữ pháp này. Sau đây là nội dung chi tiết, mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

Các dạng đặc biệt của câu bị động

STRUCTURE 1

Somebody + want/ like/ expect + someone to do something

Somebody + want/ like/ expect + something + to be done

EX: Our teacher wants us to prepare our lessons carefully./ Our teacher wants our lessons to be prepared carefully.

STRUCTURE 2

Somebody + agree/ arrange/ determind/ decide + to do something

Somebody + agree/ arange/ determind/ decide + that something + should be + done

EX:

She decided to rebuild the house.

She decided that the house should be rebuilt.

STRUCTURE 3

Something + need(s) + doing (also: want+ v-ing/ require+v-ing)

Something + need(s) + to be done (also: want+ to be done/ require+to be done)

EX:

The house needs cleaning. (passive meaning)               

These flowers require watering.

The house needs to be cleaned.

These flowers require to be watered.

You don’t need to prepare the lesson (active)

The chickens need feeding

The lesson doesn’t need to be prepared.

The chickens need to be fed.

The lesson doesn’t need preparing.

STRUCTURE 4

A. PRESENT MEANING

people + think/ expect/ believe/ estimate/ say/ report/ suppose/ hope/ declare/ rumour + that+someone + do something (active) F PASSIVE



PASSIVE

TYPE 1

It is

thought/ expected/ believed/

estimated/ said/ reported

supposed/ hoped/ declared/

Rumoured

 

that someone + do something

 

TYPE 2

Someone is

 

to do something

EX:

People think that he drives dangerously. (active)

It is thought that he drives dangerously. (type 1)

He is thought to drive dangerously. (type 2)

B. PAST MEANING

people + think/ expect/ believe/ estimate/ say/ report/ suppose/ hope/ declare/ rumour + that + someone + did something (active) F PASSIVE



PASSIVE

TYPE 1

It is

thought/ expected/ believed/

estimated/ said/ reported

supposed/ hoped/ declared/

Rumoured

 

that someone + did something

 

TYPE 2

Someone is

 

to have done something

EX:

People think that he drove dangerously. (active)

It is thought that he drove dangerously. (type 1)

He is thought to have driven dangerously. (type 2)

NOTE:

It’s your duty to do something

You are supposed to do something (bổn phận của bạn là….)

EX:

It’s your duty to lock all the doors.

You are supposed to lock all the doors.

STRUCTURE 5

Somebody + see/ make/ let + someone + do + something (active)

Someone is seen/ made + to do something (passive)

Someone is let + do something (passive) but we often say: someone is (not) allowed to do something

EX:

He made me stay outside yesterday. (active)

I was made to stay outside yesterday.

The teacher let us go home early last week. (active)

We were let go home early by the teacher last week = We were allowed to go home early by the teacherlast week.

I saw the thief climb the wall. (active)

The thief was seen to climb the wall.

STRUCTURE 6

Somebody + have + someone + do something

Somebody + get + someone + to do something

Somebody + have + something + done

EX: He had his waiter carry the luggage home.

He had the luggage carried home by the waiter.

I got the postman to post the letter for me.

I had the letter posted for me by the postman.

STRUCTURE 7

Don’t do something (active) F something musn’t be done

It’s impossible to do something (active) F something can’t be done

It’s possible to do something (active) F something can be done

EX: Don’t touch this switch

This switch musn’t be touched

It is impossible to do this

This can’t be done.

STRUCTURE 8

Somebody + advise/ beg/ urge/ recommend someone to do something (active)

Cách 1: someone is advised/ begged/ urged/ recommended to do something

Cách 2: somebody advise/ beg/ urge/ recommend that something should be done

EX: He advised me to sell the car.

I was advised to sell the car.

He advised that the car should be sold.

………….

EXERCISES

A. MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. All bottles _________ before transportation.

A. frozen

B. is frozen

C. was frozen

D. were frozen

2. Everything that _________ remained a secret.

A. had be overheard

B. had been overheard

C. had been over heard

D. would had been overheard

3. Everything ___________________________.

A. were forbidden

B. is forbidden

C. is forbidden

D. are forbidden

4. Everything___________________________.

A. are going to be forgotten

B. is going to be forgotten

C. is going to be forgot

D. were going to be forgotten

5. I___________________________.

A. have not given the money

B. have not been given the money

C. have not been give the money

D. have not be given the money

6. It _________ for years.

A. has not be known

B. had not been known

C. had not be known

D. have not been known

7. It _________ that learning English is easy.

A. are said

B. said

C. is said

D. is sayed

8. John and Ann___________________________.

A. were not mislead

B. were not misleded

C. was not misled

D. were not misled

9. Our horses ___________________________.

A. are well feedd

B. are well fed

C. is well fed

D. is well feeded

10. Peter and Tom _________ in an accident yesterday.

A. is hurt

B. is hurted

C. were hurt

D. were hurted

11. South Florida and HawaiI _________ by a hurricane.

A. is hit

B. have been hit

C. have are hit

D. has been hit

12. The battles _________ for liberation .

A. had be fought

B. had been fighted

C. had been fought

D. has been fought

13. We can’t go along here because the road _________

A. is repairing

B. is repaired

C. is being repaired

D. repairs

14. The story I’ve just read_________ Agatha Christie.

A. was written

B. was written by

C. was written from

D. wrote by

15. I’m going to go out and_________

A. have cut my hair

B. have my hair cut

C. cut my hair

D. my hair be cut

16. Something funny_________ in class yesterday.

A. happened

B. was happened

C. happens

D. is happened

17. Many US automobiles_________ in Detroit, Michigan

A. manufacture

B. have manufactured

C. are manufactured

D. are manufacturing

……….

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